test 2 - Ethics. Sets standards of good or bad, or right or...

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Ethics. Sets standards of good or bad, or right or wrong, in one’s conduct. Ethical behavior. Is right or good in the context of a governing moral code. Values. Are broad beliefs about what is appropriate behavior. Terminal values. Are preferences about desired end states. Instrumental values. Are preferences regarding the means to desired ends. Utilitarian view. Ethical behavior delivers the greatest good to the most people. Individualism view. Ethical behavior advances long term self interests. Moral rights view. Ethical behavior respects and protests fundamental rights. Justice view. Ethical behavior treats people impartially and fairly. Procedural justice. is concerned that policies and rules are fairly applied. Distributive justice. Is concerned that people are treated the same regardless of personal characteristics. Interactional justice. Is the degree to which others are treated with dignity and respect. Cultural relativism. Suggests there is no one right way to behave; ethical behavior is determined by its cultural context. Universalism. Suggests ethical standards apply absolutely across all cultures. Ethical imperialism. Is an attempt to impose one ethical standards on other cultures. Ethical dilemma. Is a situation that offers potential benefit or gain and is also unethical. Ethics training. Seeks to help people understand the ethical aspects of decision making and to incorporate high ethical standards into their daily behavior. Whistleblower. Exposes the misdeeds of others in organizations. Code of ethics. Is a formal statement of values and ethical standards. Immoral manager. Chooses to behave unethical. Amoral manager. Fails to consider the ethics of her or his behavior. Moral manager. makes ethical behavior a personal goal. Ethics mindfulness. Is enriched awareness that leads to consistent ethical behavior. Social responsibility. Is the obligation for an organization to serve its own interests and those of society. Organizational stakeholders. Are directly affected by the behavior of the organization and hold a stake in its performance. Social responsibility audit. Assesses an organization’s accomplishments in areas of social responsibility. Obstructionist strategy. Avoids social responsibility and reflects mainly economic priorities. Defensive strategy. Seeks protection by doing the minimum legally required. Accommodative strategy. Accepts social responsibility and tries to satisfy economic. Legal, and ethical criteria. Proactive strategy. Meets all the criteria of social responsibility, including discretionally performance. Corporate governance. Is the oversight of top management by a board of directors. Competitive advantage. Allows an organization to deal with market and environmental forces better than its competitors. General environment. Is comprised of cultural, economic, legal political, and educational conditions.
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This note was uploaded on 07/04/2011 for the course ACG 101 taught by Professor Burnett during the Spring '09 term at Edison State College.

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test 2 - Ethics. Sets standards of good or bad, or right or...

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