wk 2 AIDS - HIV/AIDS: An Overview Jennifer Hill June 10,...

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HIV/AIDS: An Overview Jennifer Hill June 10, 2011
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In the current day world HIV and AIDS might seem to have disappeared. After the way AIDS exploded its way in to our realities in the 1980’s as time passed we heard less and less about it. The truth is that by the end of 2007 the number of persons living with HIV worldwide was approximately 33.2 million (Department of Health and Human Services Center for Disease Control, 2008). Furthermore, closer to home, an approximate a million of people in the United States have been living with this disease at the end of 2003. If these numbers were not alarming enough and indicative that HIV and AIDS remains a serious epidemic consider the Department of Health and Human Services Center for Disease Control (2008), one of the largest global campaign groups to help the fight against the spread of HIV, report that “As many as 25% of infected persons are unaware of their infection” (para.4). Between the United States and the District of Columbia, from 1981 through 2006, nearly 1 million people received a diagnosis of full blown AIDS and more than 50% of those cases have resulted in death (Department of Health and Human Services Center for Disease Control, 2008). These numbers should be alarming; they should also instill a feeling of urgency to every person inhabiting the planet to gain better understanding of the HIV virus and AIDS. The first thing important to understand is that HIV and AIDS are not the same. HIV is a retrovirus which causes the development of AIDS. By infecting the bodies T 4 helper cells the virus messes up their immune system that leaves the person that is infected helpless from other infections and tumors. If that person has a count of their T 4 and it is below 200 and has received a diagnosis of one of the 23 indicator diseases their status changes from HIV positive to AIDS. With this critically low T 4 count the body is unable to defend itself and without the proper medications the individual can easily contract an infection which can lead to death (Mulvihill et al., 2006).
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Although HIV causes AIDS more and more people receiving proper medical care are living longer and healthier lives without becoming diagnosed with full-blown AIDS. In fact, many of the HIV positive infected person’s receiving medical treatment have an undetectable level of the virus in their system. This is the good news. It appears we have managed to control the virus. However, given the number of person’s estimated to be unaware of their infections,
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This note was uploaded on 07/06/2011 for the course HCA 240 240 taught by Professor Stone,g during the Spring '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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wk 2 AIDS - HIV/AIDS: An Overview Jennifer Hill June 10,...

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