3830Ch2ans - Questions 1. Interest Rate Movements. Explain...

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1. Interest Rate Movements. Explain why interest rates changed as they did over the past year. ANSWER: This exercise should force students to consider how the factors that influence interest rates have changed over the last year, and assess how these changes could have affected interest rates. 2. Interest Elasticity. Explain what is meant by interest elasticity. Would you expect federal government demand for loanable funds to be more or less interest-elastic than household demand for loanable funds? Why? ANSWER: Interest elasticity of supply represents a change in the quantity of loanable funds supplied in response to a change in interest rates. Interest elasticity of demand represents a change in the quantity of loanable funds demanded in response to a change in interest rates. The federal government demand for loanable funds should be less interest elastic than the consumer demand for loanable funds, because the government's planned borrowings will likely occur regardless of the interest rate. Conversely, the quantity of loanable funds by consumers is more responsive to the interest rate level. 3. Impact of Government Spending. If the federal government planned to expand the space program, how might this affect interest rates? ANSWER: An expanded space program would (a) force the federal government to increase its budget deficit, (b) possibly force any firms involved in facilitating the program to borrow more funds. Consequently, there is a greater demand for loanable funds. The additional spending could cause higher income and additional saving. Yet, this impact is not likely to be as great. The likely overall impact would therefore be upward pressure on interest rates. 4. Impact of a Recession. Explain why interest rates tend to decrease during recessionary periods. Review historical interest rates to determine how they react to recessionary periods. Explain this reaction. ANSWER: During a recession, firms and consumers reduce their amount of borrowing. The demand for loanable funds decreases and interest rates decrease as a result. 5. Impact of the Economy. Obtain or develop forecasts of economic growth and inflation. Use this information to forecast interest rates one year from now. ANSWER: Open-ended question, intended to illustrate the ease of subjectively creating forecasts, but the difficulty in deciding the appropriate weight to be assigned to each influential factor. 6. Impact of the Money Supply. Should increasing money supply growth place upward or downward pressure on interest rates? ANSWER: If one believes that higher money supply growth will not cause inflationary expectations, the additional supply of funds places downward pressure on interest rates. However, if one believes that inflation expectations do erupt as a result, demand for loanable
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This note was uploaded on 07/06/2011 for the course MM 305 taught by Professor Fulton during the Fall '09 term at Kaplan University.

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3830Ch2ans - Questions 1. Interest Rate Movements. Explain...

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