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Unformatted text preview: iii. Double bonds (-ane to –ene) iv. Rings (cyclo-) 1. cyclohexane 2. if double bonds = benzene b. addition of FUNCTIONAL GROUPS i. hydroxyl Æ alcohol (e.g., hexanol) ii. carbonyl Æ aldehydes and ketones (e.g., hexanal, or hexanone) iii. carboxyl Æ carboxylic acids (e.g., hexanoic acid) iv. amino Æ amines (e.g., hexamine) v. sulhydryl Æ thiols (e.g., hexanethiol) vi. phosphate Æ organic phosphates (e.g., hexanol phosphate) NOTE: The elements included in these groups (CHNOPS) NOTE: amino groups function as a base; carboxyl groups function as an acid...
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- Spring '11