Battles of Saratoga 1 1.docx - Benny Hogge History...

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Benny Hogge History Assignment #2 The Battles of Saratoga were one of the most definitive moments of the revolutionary war, the conflict proved the mercilessness of the colonists and their ability to hold their own as a strong group. This battle is a series of two conflicts, the first being the Battle of Freeman’s Farm and the second being the Battle of Bemis Heights. British general John Burgoyne intended on crushing the rebellion in a brutal surprise attack, but the American troop leaders Horatio Gates and Benedict Arnold had other plans. The British’s war strategy for the first battle was simple but seemingly effective. Burgoyne was to start his men’s expedition at the top of North America and march down to the Hudson River Valley and reach Albany New York. If all went as planned, Burgoyne was to rendezvous with commander William Howe and join their forces. The intended goal was to essentially cut the colonists off from all New England territories, a way to scare the rebels into submission. This did not go exactly as planned, Howe decided to attack a rebel camp in Philadelphia instead. Their next plan of attack was to capture and secure Fort Ticonderoga. On June 6 th 1777, the Americans were forced to retreat their camp and gather what supplies they could.

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