Term Paper new - CONTENTS Introduction: Climate Change and...

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Unformatted text preview: CONTENTS Introduction: Climate Change and the MDCs...…………………………..5 Role of the IPCC and the outcomes of the 4 th Assessment Report…..7 The Stern Review: The Economics of Climate Change…………………8 Rich nations and climate change responsibility…………………………9 Conclusion………………………………………………...…………………...11 Literature………………………………………………………………………..13 Konstantinos Georgiadis – 317201 – CEEBS 2010/2011 5 Introduction: Climate Change and the MDCs The Climate is changing and despite the fact that most of the time we are not realizing it, it is happening. Climate change usually is translated as global warming but only a few of its characteristics are taken into account. Unfortunately along with climate change many other concerns arise. As the United Nations Secretary General has said, “it is the major, overriding environmental issue of our time, and the single greatest challenge facing environmental regulators. It is a growing crisis with economic, health and safety, food production, security, and other dimensions” (UNEP, 2011). The countries being most affected by these changes are the developing countries. As we can clearly understand, climate change is not only an environmental issue, but also a very important development issue that can easily influence, in a most negative way, poverty reduction, food security, economic growth, health, human rights, governance and equality. In order to achieve development, by improving social and economic conditions, the United Nations along with over 20 international institutions, established in 2000 the Millennium Development Goals (MDCs). Among these 8 goals there is one goal that deals directly with climate change, as listed in the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP): • Establishing environmental sustainability by embodying the fundamentals of sustainable growth into country policies, reducing biodiversity loss and increasing the proportion of population that will have access to improved water sources. – MGD 7. Although this goal refers to the direct impact of climate change, we will further on discuss and analyse how climate chance actually has a vital impact on all the other important issues and concerns stated at the MDCs, such as health related goals, achievement of primary education, poverty and hunger. Illnesses such as Malaria, dysentery, cholera and dengue fever go usually hand to hand with the increasing rate of climate change. Thousands of children and pregnant women die every year through water borne diseases, especially in poor regions such as Asia and Africa. Another strong concern in these areas is malnutrition since declining fresh water resources and food security can have a serious impact in the children’s growth and in the increasing number of deaths, as well. Konstantinos Georgiadis – 317201 – CEEBS 2010/2011 6 Regarding the goal for universal primary education, climate change could...
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Term Paper new - CONTENTS Introduction: Climate Change and...

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