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DP2-Midterm Report-V3

DP2-Midterm Report-V3 - ECSE 475 DESIGN PROJECT 2 MIDTERM...

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ECSE 475: DESIGN PROJECT 2 MIDTERM REPORT GROUP 13: WINTER 2011 Movable Solar Panel in Commercial Buildings Presented to 1 | P a g e
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Prof. Kataryzna Radecka, Ph.D (P.Eng) & Prof. Geja Joos, Ph.D (Supervisor) Prepared By Azraf Hipni 260278238 Nurul Hanim Hashim 260278230 Sivapriya Prem Kumar 260261057 Violet Kharadabineh 260159150 Table of Contents 1. Abstract
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Design and simulation of rooftop installed movable photovoltaics (PV) on the McGill University Wong Building. The performance of solar panels is restricted due to environmental effects such as shading and the incident angle of sunrays on the solar array. Using a movable tracker increases the efficiency of the solar PV system. Single axis tracker is used due to less maintenance and installation cost, easy installation and operation, and less electricity consumption. Economic and energy efficiency analysis of this power generation system was conducted using obtained historical energy consumption data and sun location information via RETScreen simulation software. We investigate if the energy and environmental cost of Wong Building is minimized if this PV system is utilized for electricity and/or heating purposes. Thorough cost and benefits analysis is conducted to determine the advantages and disadvantages of a movable PV system with respect to the stationary convention. Solutions to the overheating problem are proposed, thus increasing the overall efficiency of the PV installation and ensuring the project is more feasible. 2. Tasks Specification 2.1 Tasks Division A. PV module information: Violet Data obtained/researched: a) Calculations on number of PV modules (series and/or parallel combination) needed based on constraints such as area and cost . This is to determine total rated PV capacity b) Calculations on number of solar trackers c) Selection on commercially available PV module: highly cost dependent d) Estimate the power generated using the percentage efficiency provided by movable solar PV system vs. fixed solar PV system. 3 | P a g e
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B. Building selection, profile, and data and Overheating solution: Nurul Hanim 1. Data obtained/researched: Wong Building, McGill University a) Monthly energy consumption pattern and average b) Rooftop dimensions and net usable area 2. PV Overheating a) Research on possible solutions for overheating problem and choose the best one to implement b) Analyze feasibility of the implementation c) If possible, quantify the parameters and re-do the financial analysis with the overheating solution mechanism attached to the movable photovoltaic panel. C. Sun/Weather profile and data: Azraf a) Montreal general climate profile Temperature is an important factor as it affects the efficiency of the PV panel b) Obtain monthly irradiation data Irradiation data is needed to calculate the total output produce.
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