Greek and Roman Architecture

Greek and Roman Architecture - Roman architecture, which is...

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1 Greek and Roman Architecture Mrs. Sweats Art 101 Elizabeth Carlson 6/17/2011
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2 Greek and Roman Architecture Greek architecture began to be revitalized during the 7 th century. Originally Greek architecture was constructed from mud and wood (Sayre, 2009). The buildings we see today are made largely of limestone. The three periods expressed in these later buildings are classical, Hellenistic, and roman (Sayre, 2009). Limestone was quarried and cut into bulky blocks dressed to fit the need of the builders. Some buildings were constructed from marble. However, this material was prohibitively expensive. Marble was used for sculpture. The main styles of Greek architecture are ionic and Doric (Sayre, 2009). The Doric style subjugated in most of Greece and in Italy. The Doric styles are the more formal of the two, with the ionic style being more decorative and relaxed (Sayre, 2009). A shining example of Greek architecture in the Doric style is the Parthenon.
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Unformatted text preview: Roman architecture, which is considered to be more complex in its design and engineering, uses three types of columns. Their most common type is made in Doric 3 style. It is plain and was used when very heavy structures required support (Sayre, 2009). The ionic style was employed more as decorative ends were being met. The third type is the Corinthian style column (Sayre, 2009). It has finer details and is considered superior to the other two types. Roman architecture also employed the use of arches. These were stunning in their day. The use of arches led to the development of the dome (Sayre, 2009). A great example of roman architecture is the Coliseum in Rome. In conclusion, both Greek and roman builders had exceptional engineering and building techniques for their period. Each gave us a legacy that is still a mystery today in many ways. References Sayre, H. M. (2009). A world of art (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Prentice Hall....
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This note was uploaded on 07/09/2011 for the course ART 101 taught by Professor Annavida during the Summer '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Greek and Roman Architecture - Roman architecture, which is...

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