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Classes+of+hormones+sheet+W2011 - Thyroxine(T4...

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Classes of hormones for NPB101 (underlined: most potent of subclass; red: normally most abundant in the bloodstream) 1. Lipophilic hormones A. Steroid hormones (derived from cholesterol) 1) Estrogens: 17 estradiol , Estrone, Estriol (activate the estrogen receptor) 2) Androgens: Testosterone , Dihydrotestosterone, DHEA (activate the androgen receptor) 3) Progestins: Progesterone (activates the progesterone receptor) 4) Glucocorticoids: Cortisol , cortisone (activate the glucocorticoid receptor) 5) Mineralocorticoids: Aldosterone (activates the mineralocorticoid receptor) 6) Vitamin D: 1,25 dihydroxy Vitamin D3 (activates the vitamin D receptor) B. Thyroid hormones (derived from 2 tyrosines + iodines):
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Unformatted text preview: Thyroxine (T4), Triiodothyronine (T3) (activate the thyroid hormone receptor) 2. Hydrophilic hormones A. Amino acid derivatives (amines): Dopamine, Norepinephrine, Epinephrine (from tyrosine) Melatonin (from tryptophan) B. Peptide hormones All Hypothalamic releasing or inhibiting hormones (except dopamine) All anterior and posterior pituitary hormones All pancreatic hormones (insulin, glucagon, somatostatin) All digestive tract hormones (secretin, gastrin, CCK, ghrelin, GIP, somatostatin, etc) Various others: Angiotensin II, inhibin, insulin like growth factor I, hCG, Erythropoeitin, Atrial natriuetic peptide, parathyroid hormone, calcitonin...
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