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Unformatted text preview: Psychology Review #1: 30/01/2008 19:11:00 Psych defined: the scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior which reflects the influences of biological processes, individual differences, and time and culture 4 goals of psych: describe how ppl and animals behave, understand and explain causes of behavior, predict behaviors in situations, control behavior through understaning its causes and consequences 7 organizing themes for psych: empirical: what ppl try to do is observed- test your ideas and acquire knowledge through observation theoretically diverse: dif theories explain things in dif ways Sociohistorical context impacts theory and practice: you are learning psych in a particular place and time Determined by multiple causes: all of the dif factors that lead to a result Shaped by cultural heritage: where you were born and raised, what you have been exposed to Interaction of heredity and environment: its both nature and nurture Experiences are subjective Applied Psych: Clinical: diagnose and treat emotional problems like skitzo, eating disorders Counseling: deal with problems of everday life and transitions-more specialized School/educational: enhance school performance and solve emotional problems Industrial/organizational: staff human service departments in working on issues of morale, job satisfaction and productivity, fight ppl to the right job Psychological Perspectives: Biological perspective : to understand the mind and behavior through biological processes in the brain, electrical and chemical processes of neurons, localization of function, much of emotions are linked to electrical and chemical processes o Phinaes gage- most famous patient- relation btwn brain function and personality- he became mean, didnt care about others, couldnt control impulses and later had seizures Psychodynamic perspective: conscious and unconscious forces determine behavior, behavior as an interplay between thoughts and feelings, mental processes can conflict, wish to understand more of the human condition, much of our behavior is based on unconscious thoughts, a lot about repression, much more complexity to our emotions, ambivalent feelings, conscious-you are aware of, unconscious-you are repressing w.o knowing o Unconscious thoughts affect conscious actions, can be solved through psychoanalysis o Freud is important in this theory with sexual impulses- Freudian slip- when your unconscious thoughts come out in speech...
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