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Psych Lecture feb 14 - Psych Lecture Feb 14 Language and...

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Psych Lecture- Feb 14 - Language and Thought Language: system of symbols, sounds meanings and rules of combination that allow for communication among humans Benjamin Whorf: Linguistic relativity- one’s language determines one’s thoughts Structure of Language Phonemes: smallest units of sound which can be distinguished for one another; change in sound can alter meaning “c” at or “b” at Initial phonemes b “i” t or b “a” t Middle phonemes -Morphemes: smallest units of meaning in language. Phrases made up of morphemes Semantics: the study of the meaning of words/ combinations/ sentences Syntax : the structure of language, underlying rules of order/function (active or passive) Gleason Study : language rules are generative Overregularizations: grammatical rules incorrectly generalized to “exception” cases (ex: I “sawed” ..are we going to “goed” tomorrow) * easier to learn languages early on, kids should learn second language younger Language Acquisition Device: (Chomsky) Humans process an inborn language mechanism hardwired to sort input from 20 – 80 phonemes lose between 4-12 months Surface structure: particular words used Chomsky believes languages only differ in surface structure Deep structure: notion of nouns, verbs, commands Expressive Language : the ability to produce language Receptive Language: the ability to comprehend, process and integrate the meaning of language – develops earlier than expressive language (ex. Being able to understand what someone is saying in another language but not to be able to say it yourself)
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