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Unformatted text preview: Slide 1 ARTS1811: International Relations: Continuity & Change. Lecture 2 - 27 July, 2009 Administration Tutorials are under way. Anyone not yet sorted out see Dr. Thurbon as soon as you can. Do not just drift into another tutorial, you will be marked as absent & lose marks as a result. Slide 3 - Whats in the News? Slide 4 - Non-State Actors: their role in international system Slide 5 - What is an IGO? International governmental organisations have been set up by governments to promote common ideas or causes in a whole range of areas that are beyond the scope of national governments. They are organisations, not just of states, but for states. They have their own bureaucracies & legal frameworks &, enjoy a degree of independence from the very countries that set them up. Two forms of international governmental organisation. One - UN & its family of related/subsidiary bodies; Within that category are the Security Council & General Assembly, which are largely political in their mandates & objectives. There are the more focused/technical bodies, e.g. the International Postal Union, World Health Organisation & the ILO; These bodies have been developed to address a range of issues of concern to the international community; Page 316 of the text book gives run-down of the range of organisations covered under the UN umbrella. The other form is represented by organisations with more restricted mandates ASEAN, the EU & NATO. Usually geographically restricted with limited membership. Some, the EU, e.g., have more responsibility & power than the UN organisations within their regions. Many of member states decision-making & policy implementation powers have been handed over to these IGO - EU can, e.g., determine import prices for selected products within the region. They have this mandate because states realise they do not have the capacity to address particular issues themselves: Many of the political, economic, social & military problems that confront states today cannot be dealt with by states individually. Addressing problems like global warming or nuclear proliferation requires involvement of many states. This is achieved through IGO. Possibly without exception, it is difficult for countries to resist actions taken by these organisations: As a result, these organisations represent a significant challenge to the traditional role of the nation state....
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This note was uploaded on 07/10/2011 for the course ARTS 1811 taught by Professor Anthonybillingsley during the Three '09 term at University of New South Wales.
- Three '09