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Lecture+05+-+short - Slide1 ARTS1811 Lecture5:17August,2009...

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Slide 1 ARTS1811 Lecture 5: 17 August, 2009 Critiques of Realism Alternative Approaches Slide 2 - What’s in the news. Slide 3  -  Lecture Outline 1) Introduction; 2) Critical v. Problem-solving theories in IR; 3) Critical theory: security as emancipation; 4) Normative security discourses & the future of security; 5) Feminism; 6) Constructivism in international relations; 7) Post-structuralism in International Relations; 8) Marxism & World Systems Theory; 9) Reflecting on IR Theory. Introduction Last week we looked at Liberalism as part of the broader category of theories that  includes the various versions of Realism: Liberalism is a reaction to Realism but accepts its basic premises of the state of  anarchy & the centrality of the state. Today   we   will   be   looking   at   further   developments   of   theoretical   reactions   to   the  dominance of Realism in international relations:  And to provide additional bases for the more practical discussions on issues in  international relations later in the course; It is an opportunity to talk more about ethics in IR as this is an area of interest for  many writers in this area of IR. End of the Cold War - an opportunity to reassess IR theory & practice: Nature of the end of the Cold War provoked this reassessment; USSR suddenly gave up without a fight. This was not as simple as it seemed: USSR/Russia retained world’s second largest array of nuclear weapons & these  were aimed at Western targets - it was still a potentially important player in the  international system;
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Nevertheless, such a development challenged Realist theory, which would have  expected conflict. As with end of WWI & WWII, end of Cold War released optimism & hope:  Revival of Liberal ideas; Also created opportunity to address other areas of security in global politics - not  just nuclear war.  New World Order promoted by George Bush the elder; Hope for cooperative relations in practice with the end of superpower rivalry. So far in the course, we’ve addressed: Realism   &   Structural   Realism:   what   international   relations   are   (according   to   its  advocates); Liberalism & Neo-liberalism:  This is a form of normative theory - what IR should be; This is approach maintains that cooperation between states is possible, provided  the appropriate framework is established. Slide 4 - Reflectivist Theory The theories to be discussed today tend to be about how the international system is  constructed/how it really works: They are broadly normative but, unlike liberalism, go further & may regard the  state itself as part of the problem.
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