Lecture 06 short - 1 Slide1 ARTS1811 Lecture624August,2009 Slide2Exam Slide3Kilcullin Keyinfluences Balanceofpower Hegemony

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Slide 1 ARTS1811 Lecture 6 – 24 August, 2009 Origins of the International System Slide 2 - Exam Slide 3 - Kilcullin Slide 4 – What’s in the News? Slide 5 - Lecture Outline Major developments in modern international system. Key influences:  Balance of power; Hegemony; Multipolar/bipolar/unipolar frameworks; Growing interdependence; Weapons of Mass Destruction – the nuclear threat; Lectures so far intended to provide a framework within which some major issues in  Stress again we are looking at world from a Western perspective; Not to say that the rest of the world was irrelevant or was not conducting its  own relations with its neighbours; But much of the history of IR over past 300 years has been driven by the fact  Moreover, many of the major historical events over this period have been driven by  the West: French Revolution, American Revolution, Industrial Revolution, imperialism  warming. reflect that dominance. Slide 6 - The Treaty of Westphalia, 1648  Hittites: Thucydides’ Melian Dialogue dates to 431 BC – on Web Vista. Westphalia represents the traditional start of the modern system: Introduced themes that dominate international politics today; End   of   30   years   war   in   Europe,   which   had   been   driven   by   religious  fervour/fundamentalism; 1
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idea of the separation of church & state; Beginning of the end of purely dynastic systems of government. underpinning the state system. Slide 7 - Origin of the state system.  Lustick (Absence of Great Powers – on Web Vista) argues that, unlike countries in  non-Western   world,   especially   those   that   experienced   colonialism,   the   states   of  Europe formed as a result of conflict: More powerful states such as France & Prussia survived;  Weaker states, such as Burgundy & Bavaria, were absorbed;
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This note was uploaded on 07/10/2011 for the course ARTS 1811 taught by Professor Anthonybillingsley during the Three '09 term at University of New South Wales.

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Lecture 06 short - 1 Slide1 ARTS1811 Lecture624August,2009 Slide2Exam Slide3Kilcullin Keyinfluences Balanceofpower Hegemony

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