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HIST2057_Exam1_KeyTerms_UPDATED

HIST2057_Exam1_KeyTerms_UPDATED - HIST 2057 1 EXAM 1 Key...

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HIST 2057 EXAM 1 Key Terms 1. Missouri Compromise (1820) a. An agreement passed in 1820 between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States Congress b. Involved the regulation of slavery in the western territories . c. Significance: Missouri would obtain statehood 2. Wilmot Proviso (1846) a. One of the major events leading to the Civil War b. Introduced in U.S. Congress by Congressman David Wilmot in 1846 c. Would have banned slavery in any territory to be acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War or in the future. 3. Compromise of 1850 a. Resolved a conflict between slave and Free states over territories in the aftermath of the Mexican-American war. b. Significance: i. No Mexican slaves would be obtained after the war ii. California becomes a free state 4. Abolitionists a. believed in an immediate and uncompensated end of slavery b. small fraction of the North were abolitionists c. Fredrick Douglas was an abolitionist 5. Anti-Slavery a. more modern than the Abolitionists b. Believed that the Constitution did protect slavery, so their main objective was to keep slavery away from the West so it would eventually die out in the U.S. 6. Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
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HIST 2057 EXAM 1 Key Terms a. a continental railroad project in 1854 b. 2 territories divided into slave or free split by railroad. c. Significance: Kansas is deemed a slave state, Nebraska a free state. 7. Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) a. A slave appealed for freedom after moved to free territory. b. Taken to Supreme Court. c. Significance: The Chief Justice ruled that blacks did not have rights under the Constitution, meaning that slavery could still exist in all territories. 8. Abraham Lincoln a. 16 th president of the United States, republican b. Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth in 1865 c. Significance: (1) wanted to preserve the union, (2) pushed for freeing African American slaves, (3) Issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 9. Emancipation Proclamation a. Issued by Abraham Lincoln in January 1, 1863 b. Slaves are free only in areas of rebellion in the U.S. c. Significance: (1) preserving the Union is no longer the only objective, now freeing slaves is an objective (2) put an end to slavery & freed many African Americans who had been former slaves 10. 13 th Amendment a. Passed in 1865 b. Significance: Outlawed slavery i. Delaware & Kentucky refused to ratify this amendment 11. Radical Republicans a. Wanted an immediate end to slavery and wanted a Utopian, equal society b. Most came from the Northeast
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HIST 2057 EXAM 1 Key Terms 12. Moderate Republicans a. Wanted to restore the governments in the South & North after the Civil War b. Believed any changes with slavery had to brought through the government c. Distrusting of the South 13. Thaddeus Stevens a. Leader of the Radical Republicans in House of Reps b. Pushed for justice
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