Chapter 5 - CHAPTER 5: PRENATAL FACTORS AFFECTING...

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CHAPTER 5: PRENATAL FACTORS AFFECTING DEVELOPMENT Concept 5.1: Placental, fetal, and maternal malnutrition negatively influences human development throughout the world. d. 1. When the expectant mother has a medical condition before or during pregnancy that increases her unborn child’s chances of experiencing prenatal or postnatal problems: a. Low-risk pregnancy b. Ectopic pregnancy c. Normal pregnancy d. High-risk pregnancy e. Moderate-risk pregnancy b. 2. Of the following, which is not a circumstance that influences the probability of teratogenic effects? a. Nutrition b. Sleep c. Chemical abuse d. Period of pregnancy e. Condition of fetus b. 3. A "teratogen" is: a. An 8-sided geometric shape commonly used in infant play b. Any substance capable of causing abnormal fetal development c. Any substance capable of causing abnormal childhood development d. A type of antigen e. All of the above are correct b. 4. Prenatal malnutrition may take all but one of the following forms: a. Maternal malnutrition b. Uterine malnutrition c. Placental malnutrition d. Fetal malnutrition e. All of the above are correct b. 5. Maternal weight gain at the time of delivery is generally recommended to be about: a. Twice the weight of the average birth weight for a mature fetus b. Four times the weight of the average birth weight for a mature fetus c. 5-10 lbs d. 15-20 lbs e. 30-40 lbs a. 6. Of the following, which is not a reason for maternal malnourishment? a. Medical care b. Poor eating habits c. Poverty
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d. Socioeconomic status e. Anxiety e. 7. Very-low-birth-weight is? a. <3,500 grams b. <3,000 grams c. <2,500 grams d. <2,000 grams e. <1,500 grams c. 8. A _______ is any substance that may cause an unborn child to develop in an abnormal manner: a. Malignancy b. Placental factor c. Teratogen d. Phenylketonuria e. Talipes a. 9. If the supply and transport of nutrients from the placenta to the fetus does not occur, then ________will result? a. Placental malnutrition b. Fetal malnutrition c. Maternal malnutrition d. Childhood malnutrition e. Post-natal malnutrition b. 10. Woman who do not get adequate folic acid in their diet prior to and during pregnancy, increase the chances of __________in their newborn: a. Fetal heart problems b. Spina Bifida c. Limb deformities d. Gestational diabetes e. Low birth weight Concept 5.2: Maternal drugs and medications frequently affect the fetus and later motor development. e. 11. Medications administered immediately prior to and during delivery have been shown to: a. Have a direct effect on the newborn b. Negatively affect infant strength c. Negatively affect infant motor coordination d. Delay CNS organization e. All of the above are correct
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c. 12. All medications administered prior to and during delivery: a. Are safe b. Are harmful c. Have an impact of some form on the newborn d. Should be avoided e. Have no direct impact on the newborn c. 13. Inability of the biliary ducts to excrete bilieubin efficiently may result in? a.
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Chapter 5 - CHAPTER 5: PRENATAL FACTORS AFFECTING...

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