Chapter 10 - Childhood Growth and Development

Chapter 10 - Childhood Growth and Development - Chapter 10...

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ECH 340 - Dr. Kathryn A. Short 1 Chapter 10 Share Journey Through Life Span DVD 1, EC, Physical Development
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ECH 340 - Dr. Kathryn A. Short 2 Key Concept Development during the period of childhood is marked by steady, incremental changes in the cognitive, affective, and motor domains.
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ECH 340 - Dr. Kathryn A. Short 3 Early Childhood: Changes in Height/Weight (Figures 10.1-4, pp. 172-175) Growth rate decelerates from earlier pace Birth length doubles by age 4 (one half as much gain as during first 2 yrs) Weight gain from age 2-5 is less than total of first 2 yrs Slow but steady growth rate Height: 2 in (5.1cm) yearly to puberty Weight: 5 lbs (2.3kg) yearly Gender differences: minimal
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ECH 340 - Dr. Kathryn A. Short 4 Early Childhood (ages 2 to 6): Changes in Body Proportions Chest becomes larger than abdomen Stomach protrudes less 1 st grader’s (6 yr olds) body looks like older child Isaac, 4 yrs. Timmy, 2 ½ yrs.
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ECH 340 - Dr. Kathryn A. Short 5 Early Childhood: Changes in Brain/Neural/Sensory Growth Brain growth size 75% complete by age 3; 90% by age 6 midbrain complete at birth cerebral cortex complete by age 4
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ECH 340 - Dr. Kathryn A. Short 6 Early Childhood: Changes in Brain/Neural/Sensory Growth Neural growth myelination is nearly complete by end of early childhood (This is the transmission of nerve impulses-This is important because myelin is laid down along nerve fibers as child matures. “The Dendrite Song” http://teamcarterlces.com/Brain_Songs.htm
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ECH 340 - Dr. Kathryn A. Short 7 Early Childhood: Changes in Brain/Neural/Sensory Growth Eye growth retina complete by age 6 eyeball size complete by 12 preschoolers tend to be farsighted
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ECH 340 - Dr. Kathryn A. Short 8 Early Childhood: Changes in Brain/Neural/Sensory Growth Ear growth short eustachian tube, more ear infections Taste buds greater number, increased sensitivity to taste
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ECH 340 - Dr. Kathryn A. Short 9 EC Developmental Characteristics Physical & motor development Cognitive & affective development Implications for developmental movement programs See pp. 176-177
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ECH 340 - Dr. Kathryn A. Short
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Chapter 10 - Childhood Growth and Development - Chapter 10...

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