gallahue6e_tb_ch15 - CHAPTER 15: ADOLESCENT GROWTH,...

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CHAPTER 15: ADOLESCENT GROWTH, PUBERTY, AND REPRODUCTIVE MATURITY Concept 15.1: The period of adolescence has lengthened due to the combined effects of biology and culture. e. 1. The primary marker(s) of adolescence is(are): a. Puberty b. Growth spurt c. Sexual maturation d. Both a and c are correct e. All of the above are correct a. 2. Due to secular trends in biological maturation, over the past hundred years, the average age of puberty has: a. Become dramatically younger b. Become dramatically older c. Become younger for females and older for males d. Become younger for males and older for females e. Stayed about the same b. 3. The period that makes up what we know as “adolescence” is affected by both biology and cultures. Biology is to culture as: a. Emotional maturity is to emotional independence b. Sexual maturity is to financial independence c. Physiological change is to emotional dependence d. Sexual maturity is to peer pressure e. None of the above is correct d. 4. The period of time known as “adolescence”: a. Represents a biological phenomenon b. Represents a cultural phenomenon c. Usually begins at age 13 and is complete by age 18 d. Both a and b are correct e. All of the above are correct Concept 15.2: One’s genotype controls the onset, duration, and intensity of the growth spurt, whereas one’s phenotype influences growth potential. d. 5. Genotype is to phenotype as: a. Environment is to potential b. Genes are to potential c. Environment is to expressed traits d. Genes are to expressed traits e. Expressed traits are to genes d. 6. One’s genotype controls ______, whereas one’s phenotype influences _______:
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a. Skeletal maturation; sexual maturation b. Standing height; body type c. Weight; body type d. Skeletal maturation; body weight e. Linear body measures; sexual maturation e. 7. Bone ossification, the onset of puberty, and how fat is distributed around the body are products of one’s: a. Sex b. Age c. Environmental conditions d. Phenotype e. Genotype a. 8. The term used for the start of sexual maturation is: a. Puberty b. Development c. Adolescence d. Peak height velocity e. Peak weight velocity a. 9. Of the following characteristics, which will be the least influenced by an individual’s genotype: a. Skinfold measurements b. Adult standing height c. Age of onset of puberty d. Age of skeletal maturation e. Body type Concept 15.3: Secular trends in biological maturation have lowered the average age of puberty in North America. a. 10. An adolescent’s genotype will play the determining role in all of the following except : a. Weight b. Linear body measures c. Skeletal maturation d. Body type e. Sexual maturation c. 11. The extra gain in strength by boys during puberty is due primarily to: a. Increases in physical activity b. Increased societal demands c. Increase in male sex hormones d. Increase in male intelligence e. Decrease in weight for height
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Concept 15.4: The adolescent growth spurt marks the first visual indicator of the onset of
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gallahue6e_tb_ch15 - CHAPTER 15: ADOLESCENT GROWTH,...

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