IE228Week4 - Work Measurements and Flow Analysis Lecturer...

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Work Measurements and Flow Analysis Lecturer: Serap Ulusam Seçkiner
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Work Measurements and Flow Analysis Second method is work measurement after motion study. Determining nonactive times in total work duration. Work performance standards are important for man and machine Detemining performance standard is main element and helps; – Wage payment Budget cost – Production cost There are various methods for work measurement and methods change according to job configuration and features. In this section, work measurement methods will be introduced and information about flow analysis.
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Definitions Work measurement may be used to determine the standard number of minutes taht aqualified properly trained, and experienced person should take to perform a specific task or operation when working at a normal pace. This time standard may be used for planning and scheduling work, for cost estimating, or for labor cost control or it may serve as the basis for a wage incentive plan. Although standard data, predetermined time systems and work sampling are widely used for establishing time standards Perhaps the most common method of measuring work is stop-watch time study or electronic time study. The operation to be studied is divided into small elements each of these elements and the the times are added together to get the total selected time for performing the operation. The speed exhibited by the operator during the time study is rated or evaluated by the time study observer and the selected time is adjusted by this rating factor so that a qualifed operator working at a normal pace can easily do the work in the specified time This adjusted time is called the normal time. To this normal time is added allowances for personal time, fatigue, and delay , the result being the standard time for the task.
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Qualified worker: physical sufficiency, intelligence, train and skills for safely working, quality and amount. Determined task (Task bringing standard) : Task is reported point of view production methods Determined productivity level: Qualified worker performs task with great motivation and non overloading during on a day or one shift. Finally task gives average output.
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IE228Week4 - Work Measurements and Flow Analysis Lecturer...

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