CHAP 22 DISEASE CHART

CHAP 22 DISEASE CHART - DISEASE(Bacterial TETNUS CAUSATIV E...

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DISEASE CAUSATIV E AGENT METHOD OF TRANSMISSIO N SYMPTOMS TREATMEN T PREVENTION OTHER (Bacterial) TETNUS Clostridium tetani *gram positive, endospore forming, obligate anaerobe *common in soil contaminated with animal fecal wastes Deep wounds, improperly cleaned wounds, injecting drug users, trivial injuries (sitting on a tack) Tetanus produces extrememly potent neurotoxin: Tetanospasmin that is released from dead and lysed bacterial cells Tetanospasmin: blocks opposing muscle relaxation when muscles contract Causes severe spasms Tetanus immune globulin (TIG) *cant remove toxin already bound to nerves *recovery does not confer immunity Debridement: Removing damaged tissue Vaccination with tetnus toxiod (DTP) And booster (dT) *vaccine neutralizes toxin (tetanospasmin) produced by clostridium tetani (Bacterial) BOTULISM Infant boutulism: c. botulinum spores growing in infant’s intestines lacking normal microbiota (common in honey) Wound botulism: growth of c.botulism in wounds Clostridium botulinum *gram positive endospore forming obligate anerobe Foodborne intoxication *anerobic environments like sealed cans *not in acidic foods Flaccid paralysis for 1 – 10 days Neurological problems
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CHAP 22 DISEASE CHART - DISEASE(Bacterial TETNUS CAUSATIV E...

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