UPPER RESPIRATORY DISEASES CHART

UPPER RESPIRATORY DISEASES CHART - UPPER RESPIRATORY SYSTEM...

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UPPER RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DISEASE CAUSATIVE AGENT SYMPTOM S PREVENTI ON TREATME NT LAB ID TEST OTHER (bacterial) STREPTOCOCC AL PHARYNGITIS Streptococcus pyogenes *group A streptococci (GAS) from beta hymolytic group gram Positive *>80 serotypes Inflammed mucous membranes of throat fever Also: usually tonsillitis occurs, neck lymph nodes swell, and otis media can be complication Immunity to streptococcal infections is type specific, usually transmitted by droplets so easy to contract penicillin Rapid antigen detection test capaple of detecting GAS. First: latex indirect agglutination Now: EIA: enzyme immunoassay (more sensitive and easier to read) PATHOGENITY: -Enhanced by resistance to phagocytes by M proteins Capsule -GAS also produces special enzymes Streptok inases: lyse fibrin blood clots Streptol ysins: are cytotoxi c to tissue cells, RBCs, & leukocy tes -SPEs (superantigens) (bacterial) SCARLET FEVER Streptotoxic pyogenes lysogenized by bacteriophage produces erythrogenic toxin
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This note was uploaded on 07/12/2011 for the course NURSING 000 taught by Professor Clark during the Spring '11 term at Alabama.

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UPPER RESPIRATORY DISEASES CHART - UPPER RESPIRATORY SYSTEM...

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