Chart 2 chap 31 PATHO

Chart 2 chap 31 PATHO - DISORDER DEFINITION and FACTS...

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DISORDER DEFINITION and FACTS PATHOGENESIS CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT Cervical Cancer -16% of all GYN cancers and 2% of all cancers in women in the USA -Considered a sexually transmitted disease caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) -Risk factors include multiple sex partners or with a male who has had multiple partners, intercourse before age 16 -Smoking and poor nutrition are co-factors Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: precancerous dysplasia Moves from normal cells to dysplasia to cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) to invasive cancer Premalignant lesions occur 10-12 years before invasive cancer *can go from normal pap to abnormal pap in less than a year -Usually asymptomatic, so PAP smears are vital to diagnosis -Vaginal discharge, vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain or back pain may be late symptoms if lesions become large -Diagnosed very simply using Papanicolaou smears of the cervical cells -PAP smears -Cervical biopsy -Cervical curretage or ablation -Colposcopy -CT scan for lymph node involvement Depends on degree of neoplastic change, size and location of the lesion, and extent of metastatic spread *lymphadenectomy, hysterectomy (invasive), chemo, radiation GARDASIL Is the trade name for the cervical cancer vaccine. It is a vaccination
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This note was uploaded on 07/12/2011 for the course NURSING 000 taught by Professor Clark during the Spring '11 term at Alabama.

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Chart 2 chap 31 PATHO - DISORDER DEFINITION and FACTS...

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