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Review for final - Lecture I(Cells Genetics CF Fluids and...

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Lecture I (Cells, Genetics, CF, Fluids and Electrolytes, Acid Base) A. The investigations of structural alterations in cells, tissues, and organs, which can help identify the cause of a particular disease. B. What is pathology? C. The onset of a disease in a person who is already coping with another existing disease. D. What is a complication? E. Hormonal, Paracrine, Autocrine, Neuotransmitter, neurohormone secretion. F. What are the primary modes of Chemical Signaling? G. Agents such as radon and cigarette smoking. H. What are mutagens? I. A cell in the human body that does not contain a multiple of 23 chromosomes. J. What is a Aneuploidy cell? K. Down’s syndrome L. What is Aneuploidy of the 21 chromosome? M. The turning off of a gene by an environmental factor. N. What is an epigenetic change? O. 45x with features of sterility short stature, webbing of the neck. P. What is Turner’s syndrome? Q. Huntington’s disease. R. What is an example of an Autosomal dominant inheritance pattern? S. Decrease or shrinkage in cellular size. T. What is atrophy? U. Coagulative necrosis, Liquefactive necrosis, caseous necrosis, fat necrosis, gangrenous necrosis, gas gangrene. V. What are the types of necroses? W. 7.35-7.45. X. What is the normal arterial pH?
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Y. Phosphorous Z. What is gives me energy? Lecture II (Immune, Inflammation, Stress) a. The physical barriers that cover the external parts of the human body. b. What is the first line of defense? c. Filled with granules and located in the loose connective tissues close to blood vessels near the body’s outer surfaces. d. What is a mast cell? e. A vasoactive amine released during inflammation. f. What is histamine? g. The process by which a cell ingests and disposes of foreign material. h. What is phagocytosis? i. Induced by Il-1. j. What is a fever? k. Increase in the number of circulating white blood cells. l. What is leukocytosis? m. Produced by an individual after natural exposure to an antigen or immunization. n. What is active immunity? o. IgE p. What is the immunoglobin of allergy? q. Thymus gland. r. What is the site of T cell development in fetal life? s. Tissue Specific hypersensitivity reactions. t. What is a type II hypersensitivity reaction? u. Two or more opportunistic infections and a low T-Cell count. v. What is AIDS? Lecture III (Cancer and Reproductive)
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a. A hallmark of immortality. b. What is a cancer cell? c. Example of a viral infection that leads to cancer. d. What is HPV? e. Example of a bacterium that causes cancer. f. What is H.Pylori? g. The most commonly occurring cancer in both men and women in the United States. h. What is lung cancer? i. Tumor marker for prostate cancer? j. What is PSA? k. A comma-shaped structure that curves over the posterior portion of each testis. l. What is the epididymis? m. Descent of the bladder and anterior vaginal wall into the vaginal canal.
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