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Toulmin_Model[1] - “why” you believe the warrant...

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Toulmin Model Claim : Position or point of view, very specific Reasons : Because clauses that answer the “why” of the claim Grounds : Evidence (data, facts, personal testimony, examples, statistics) supporting reasons Warrant : Unstated assumption behind the enthymeme (claim and reasons)—belief, value, principle that undergirds Backing : Argumentation that supports the warrant; essential if audience doubts warrant (the
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Unformatted text preview: “why” you believe the warrant) Opposition : Anticipation of counter-argument against reasons or warrant. Why wouldn’t someone agree with the claim? Qualifier : Words or phrases limiting the force of the claim like “usually,” “most of the time,” “in most cases.”...
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