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Studying the Chapter--Congress

Studying the Chapter--Congress - Congress-the Legislative...

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Congress—the Legislative Branch READ: Chapter 11; in the Constitution, read Article I and Amendments XVII (17), XX (20), XXVII (27). Also, see Chapter 2 to read about the creation of Congress—the Great Compromise and the Three-Fifths Compromise. As usual, students should consider the Learning Objectives found on the first page of the Chapter. The Creation of Congress **Small States v. Large States --main conflict—representation of the states in Congress *The Virginia Plan --bicameral Congress --representation of the states based on population *The New Jersey Plan --keep the Articles of Confederation --give Congress additional powers --unicameral Congress ---equal representation between the states **The Great Compromise --proposed by Connecticut --bicameral Congress --Upper House—equal representation between the states (the only unamendable issue) --Lower House—representation based on population *The Free States v. Slave States --main conflict—who would be counted for purposes of representation in the U.S. House **The Three-fifths Compromise “three-fifths of all other persons” direct taxes based on population Congress couldn’t stop the slave trade for at least 20 years The fugitive slave clause Separation of Powers and Congress *Main power—Legislative power *Terms of Office Modes of Election
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U.S. House of Representatives *U.S. Census *Reapportionment--Congress *Redistricting--States **Gerrymandering “one man, one vote” U.S. Senate *The Class System
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