Study Guide for Mid - Study Guide for Mid-Term Human Grwth...

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Chapter 1 Human Developmet Neither herdity nor eviroment alone can account for the full rangeof human development. Dvelompment is a continiuning process throughout lifespan. Every period of life contains potential for growtand dicipline in ablities. Process of development persist throughout every part of peoples lives. Is an interdisciplinary field devoted to understanding human constancy and change throghout the lifespan. Reasearch on human has been stimulated by both scientific curiosity and social pressures to improve peoples lives. Theory Is an orderly, integrated set of statement that decribes,explains, and predicts behavior. Are virtual tools for 2 reasons: 1. They provide organization frameworks for our observations of peoples, guiding and giving meaning to what we see. 2. Are verified by reasearch provide a sound basis for practical action. Human development theory take stand on 3 basic issues: 1. Continuous or discontinuous. 2. One course of development or many. 3. Nature or nurture. Nature-Nurture Controversy Are genetic or enviromental factors more inportant. Nature Inborn biological givens The hereditary information we receive from our parents at the moment of conception. Nuture The complex forces of the physical and social world that influence our biological makeups and psycoligical experiences before and after birth. Theorists who emphasize: Stability- individuals who are high or low in a characteristic (verbal ability, anxiety or sociability) will remain so at later ages. Plasticity- change is possible and even likely if new experiences support it. Lifespan Perspective 4 factors that contribute to human change: 1. Lifelong. 2. Multidimensional and Multidirectional. 3. Highly Plastic. 4. Multiple Interacting forces. Emphasizes many potential interactions, pathways and outcomes. What influence Human Development? 3 influences shape the life course: 1. Age-Graded- Related to age and predicable in when they occur and hoe long they last. 2. History-Graded – are forces unique to a particular historical era, such as wars, economic depression, and changing cultural values. 3. Non normative – are irregular events that happen to just people and are unpredictable. Mid-Twentieth-Century theories contributions In 1930s & 1940s psychiatrists and social workers turned to the psychoanalytic perspective for help people in emotional problems. Psychoanalytic perspective Is the approach that state behavior is motivated by inner forces, memories, and conflicts of which a person has little awareness or control. people move through a series of 5 stages in which they confront conflicts between biological drives and social expectations:
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This note was uploaded on 07/12/2011 for the course BSC 2085 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Miami Dade College, Miami.

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Study Guide for Mid - Study Guide for Mid-Term Human Grwth...

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