Applying Safeguard Measures

Applying Safeguard Measures - Applying Safeguard Measures...

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1 Applying Safeguard Measures in the Context of Arab Free Trade Agreements with the U.S. Bashar Malkawi* I. Introduction The U.S. has concluded trade agreements with selected Arab countries. First, the U.S. concluded an FTA with Jordan in 2001. 1 Then, the U.S. has launched a 10-year effort to form a US-Middle East free trade area. 2 The U.S. will employ a “building- block” approach. 3 This approach requires, as a first step, a Middle East country to accede to the WTO or concluding Trade and Investment Framework Agreement(s) (TIFA). Then, the U.S. will negotiate FTA with individual countries. Finally, preferably before 2013, a critical mass of bilateral FTAs would come together to form the broader US-Middle East FTA. To achieve this end, the U.S. successfully negotiated and signed FTA's with Bahrain (2006), Morocco (2006), and Oman (2009). 4 The purpose of all these FTAs with Arab countries is, among other things, to liberalize trade and increase market access. 5 Mindful that requiring trade liberalization * Bashar H. Malkawi is Associate Professor of Law at the University of Sharjah, UAE. He holds an S.J.D in International Trade law from the American University, Washington College of Law, and an L.L.M in International Trade law from the University of Arizona. 1 See United States (U.S.)-Jordan: Agreement Between The United States of America and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on The Establishment of a Free Trade Area, Oct. 24, 2000, 41 I. L. M. 63 (entered into force Dec. 17, 2001). 2 See Grary G. Yerkey, President Bush Lays Out Broad Plan for Regional FTA with Middle East by 2013, 20 Intl. Trade Rep. (BNA) 856 (May 15, 2003). 3 See Mike Allen & Karen DeYoung, Bush Calls Trade Key To Mideast; President launches Plan For U.S. Pact in Region, Wash. Post A01 (May 10, 2003). 4 See United States-Morocco Free Trade Agreement (2006), available at < http://www.moroccousafta.com/ftafulltext.htm >; United States-Bahrain Free Trade Agreement (2006), available at < http://www.fta.gov.bh/categoryList.asp?cType=Texts >; and United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement (2009), available at < http://www.omanusfta.com/documents.html >. 5 See United States-Jordan Free Trade Agreement, available at <http://www.jordanusfta.com/free_trade_agreement_text_en.asp>; United States-Morocco Free Trade Agreement, preamble, available at < http://www.moroccousafta.com/pdf/00-preamble.pdf>; United States-Bahrain Free Trade Agreement , available at <http://www.fta.gov.bh/images/UploadFiles/00- preamble.pdf>; and States-Oman Free Trade Agreement, available at < http://www.omanusfta.com/documents/Preamble.pdf >.
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2 could result in damaging consequences among the participating countries that are at different levels of economic development, the U.S.-Arab FTAs include exceptions. These FTAs permits countries to depart "temporarily" from their obligations of
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This note was uploaded on 07/12/2011 for the course LAW 0601584 taught by Professor Basharmalkawi during the Spring '11 term at University of Sharjah.

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Applying Safeguard Measures - Applying Safeguard Measures...

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