Sources of Nutrition.docx - Sources of Nutrition Indications of dietary deficiencyo can lead contribute to a poor state of health o Our body cannot make

Sources of Nutrition.docx - Sources of Nutrition...

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Sources of Nutrition: Indications of dietary deficiency- o can lead contribute to a poor state of health. o Our body cannot make essential nutrients and the absence of them in the body can cause deficiency diseases. Teaching about sources of fiber- o fiber is categorized as a carbohydrate, complex carb (polysacc). o Substance in plant foods that is indigestible (pectin, gum, cellulose, oligosaccharides) o It is important for proper bowel elimination, stimulates peristalisis to ease elimination. o Lowers cholesterol and lessens the incidence of intestinal cancer. Fiber intake during pregnancy Folate intake during pregnancy o Prevents neural tube defects in utero o Consume 600 mcg Calculating appropriate intake of fat calories per day- o Approx. 20% to 35% of total calories o Provide 9cal/g of energy and the densest form of stored energy Vitamins- (Water soluble & Fat soluble) o Organic substances o Required for enzymatic reactions o Main purpose- catalyst for metabolic functions and chemical reactions o Yield no usable energy for the body Water soluble (vitamin C) o Aids in tissue building and metabolic reactions o Found in: citrus fruits, tomatoes, peppers, green leafy vegetables, and strawberries o Stress, illness, and cig smoking can cause the need for an increase of it o Deficiency causes scurvy , a hemorrhagic disease. ( tissue bleeding, painful limbs/ joints, weak bones, swollen gums/ loose teeth) can be fatal Water soluble (b-complex vitamins) o Functions in cell metabolism o Affect energy, metabolism, and neurological function o Found in: green leafy vegetables, unprocessed or enriched grains o Thiamin (B1), Riboflavin (B2), Niacin (B3), Pyridoxine/ vitamin B6, Pantothenic acid, Biotin, Folate, Cobalamin (B12).
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Fat- soluble vitamins (vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin D, Vitamin E, vitamin K) o All have the possibility for toxicity due to their ability to be stored in the body for long periods of time. o Absorption is based on the body’s ability (cystic fibrosis, celiac disease, crohn’s disease, are at risk for deficiencies o Client’s with liver disease should not take more than the recommended amt. Vitamin A- o Sources: fatty fish, egg yolks, dairy, dark yellow/ orange fruits and vegetables (carrots, yams, apricots, squash, cantaloupe) o Helps with normal vision, tissue strength, growth and immune system function o Deficiency causes: reduced night vision, dry/thick cornea, mucosa changes. o Excess intake in pregnancy can cause a teratogenic effect on the fetus Vitamin D- o Food sources: fortified milk, fatty fish, and eggs o Assists in the absorption of calcium and phosphorus o Aids in bone development o Sunlight allows the bosy to synthesize vitamin D into the skin o Deficiency results in: bone mineralization, and extreme causes rickets o Excess causes hypercalcemia Vitamin E- o Food sources: vegetable oils and certain nuts o Antioxidant that helps preserve lung and red blood cell membrane o Anemia, edema, and lesions in infants Vitamin K o Food sources: carrots, eggs, dark green vegetables (spinach, broccoli, asparagus) o
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