Audio.doc - AUDIO 1 AUDIO MEDIA various means of recording and transmitting the human voice and other sounds for instructional purposes 2 THE HEARING

Audio.doc - AUDIO 1 AUDIO MEDIA various means of recording...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 10 pages.

AUDIO 1. AUDIO MEDIA - various means of recording and transmitting the human voice and other sounds for instructional purposes. 2. THE HEARING / LISTENING PROCESS Hearing and listening are not the same thing, although they are , of course interrelated. We might say that hearing is a physiological process, whereas listening is a psychological process. 2.1.Physiologically – HEARING - a process in which sound waves entering the outer ear are transmitted to the eardrum, converted into mechanical vibrations, in the middle ear, and changed in the inner ear into nerve impulses that traced to the brain. 2.2.Psychologically – LISTENING - begins with someone’s awareness of and attention to sounds or speech patterns proceeds through identification and recognition of specific auditory signals, and ends in comprehension. 3. DEVELOPING LISTENING SKILLS Educators now a days recognize listening as a skill, that like all other, one can improve with practice. Hearing is the foundation of listening. Therefore you should first determine, whether all your students can hear normally. Most school systems regularly use speech and hearing therapist to administer audiometric hearing tests to provide the data you need. Standardized test also measure students’ listening abilities. The test are often administered at the guidance office. 3.1.Guide Listening – give students some objectives or question beforehand . Start with short passages and one or two objectives. Then gradually increase the length of the passage and the number and completely of the objectives or questions. 3.2. Give Directions – give students directions individually or as a group on audiotape. When giving directions orally, observe the “say it only once”, rule so that the students place value on both your and their time and the incentive to listen is reinforced. 3.3.Ask Students to Listen for Main Ideas, Details or Inferences – Keeping the age level of the students to listen to the main idea and then write it down. Similar techniques can be used with details of an inferences to be drawn from the passage 3.4.Use Context in Listening – younger students can learn to distinguish meaning in an auditory context by listening to sentences with words missing and
Image of page 1
then 3.5.Analyze the Structure of a Presentation – The students can be asked to outline (analyze and organize) an oral presentation. The teacher can then determine how will they were able to discern the main ideas and to identify the subtopics 3.6.Distinguish Between Relevant and Irrelevant Information – after to an oral presentation of information from the students can be asked to identify the main idea and then rate the other ideas that are presented from most to the least relevant. 4. AUDIO FORMATS 4.1. Phonograph records 4.2. Audio tapes 4.3. Compact Disc 4.4. Open-Reel Audio Tape 4.5. Micro Cassette 4.6. Audio Card 4.7. MP3 – is an audio compression format that makes large audio files available by shrinking them into smaller files that can quickly be captured on the Internet . This files are streamed audio, which means they can sent
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 10 pages?

  • Summer '17
  • Magnetic tape, Compact Disc, Audio storage

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes