Research_Paper_Emperor_Taizong - Chhay 1 Chamroeun Chhay Dr Xin Wang BIC 1324 World Cultures 6 April 2020 Emperor Taizong The painting shows Emperor

Research_Paper_Emperor_Taizong - Chhay 1 Chamroeun Chhay Dr...

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Chhay 1 Chamroeun Chhay Dr. Xin Wang BIC 1324 World Cultures 6 April 2020 Emperor Taizong The painting shows Emperor Taizong who was the second emperor of the Tang dynasty from 626 to 649. It holds a historical value. Interestingly, the picture Emperor Taizong showed is only one portion of the original painting. The whole painting is called “Emperor Taizong Receiving the Tibetan Envoy” by Yan Liben. It depicts the shown picture and three other men: a tibet envoy, a royal official, and a translator. The story behind the whole painting is that a Tibet king, Songtsan Gampo (618–650), united the Tibet kingdoms into an empire. At the same time, he saw that the Tang dynasty was also prospering. Gampo wanted to build a connection with the emperor so he sent an envoy to the emperor. The story ends with the two countries united with the marriage between the king of Tibet and Emperor Taizong’s daughter, Princess Wencheng, which results in economical and cultural prosperity in both countries. Aside from the history, this painting of Emperor Taizong shows a plethora of rich cultures, beauty, and meaning just by observing the positions and the colors in the painting. From this image, there is a distinction between the one in power and his entourage. The artist positions Emperor Taizong in the middle of the painting showing that he is at the most center of attention. His attendants, on the other hand, are surrounding him and providing service with the fans and transport which shows that the emperor is an important figure in the painting. Along with the positions, the size and height of the emperor in the pictures shows the superiority above his servants. The artist paints him riding a sedan chair being carried by the servants. In the sedan, he
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Chhay 2 is shown being higher in the picture as if the viewer has to look up to him. Comparing his size to his servants, the artist drew the emperor bigger than the servants. Aside from the positions and size of characters in the painting, the painting is also very vibrant with colors. In Chinese culture, there are deep symbolic and cultural meanings in each color: what they represent. The characters in the painting have colors to represent who they are. Emperor Taizong is shown wearing a yellow robe; this represents his statue as a royalty and shows his power. Contrasting to the emperor’s color scheme, the attendants are shown in red and white. In Chinese culture, red represents happiness and luck and white represents purity. This color scheme shows that the servants are pure and they are wearing red to bring in luck. The last color scheme that really contrasts the people in the painting is the colors of the fans. It is shown to be green and gold; these two colors represent wealth and money. This shows that the emperor has both royal title and wealth.
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