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fm10 19 - Answer The company is raising money in order to...

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Mini Case: 10 - 19 m. What are three types of project risk? How is each type of risk used? Answer: The three types of project risk are: Stand-Alone Risk Corporate Risk Market Risk Market risk is theoretically best in most situations. However, creditors, customers, suppliers, and employees are more affected by corporate risk. Therefore, corporate risk is also relevant. Stand-alone risk is the easiest type of risk to measure. Taking on a project with a high degree of either stand-alone or corporate risk will not necessarily affect the firm’s market risk. However, if the project has highly uncertain returns, and if those returns are highly correlated with returns on the firm’s other assets and with most other assets in the economy, the project will have a high degree of all types of risk. n. Explain in words why new common stock that is raised externally has a higher percentage cost than equity that is raised internally by reivesting earnings.
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Unformatted text preview: Answer: The company is raising money in order to make an investment. The money has a cost, and this cost is based primarily on the investors’ required rate of return, considering risk and alternative investment opportunities. So, the new investment must provide a return at least equal to the investors’ opportunity cost . If the company raises capital by selling stock, the company doesn’t get all of the money that investors put up. For example, if investors put up $100,000, and if they expect a 15 percent return on that $100,000, then $15,000 of profits must be generated. But if flotation costs are 20 percent ($20,000), then the company will receive only $80,000 of the $100,000 investors put up. That $80,000 must then produce a $15,000 profit, or a 15/80 = 18.75% rate of return versus a 15 percent return on equity raised as retained earnings....
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