6_8A_Org2 - Organic Part 2 Hydrocarbons 1 Alkanes all...

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Mary J. Bojan Chem 110 Organic Part 2 Hydrocarbons 1. Alkanes: all single bonds 2. Alkenes: C = C saturated v. unsaturated structural isomers geometric isomers 3. Alkynes: C C 4. Aromatic hydrocarbons Reactivity of hydrocarbons addition reactions combustion reactions Petroleum 1
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Mary J. Bojan Chem 110 Hydrocarbons This is the structure of 4-ethyl-2,3,3-trimethylnonane What is the molecular formula of this compound? How many ί CH 3 groups are there on this compound? 2
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Mary J. Bojan Chem 110 HYDROCARBONS Simplest organic compounds Contain only C and H Alkanes saturated have the maximum number of H attached to the C skeleton. Alkenes unsaturated Alkynes have double or Aromatic triple bonds 3
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Mary J. Bojan Chem 110 ALKENES Contain one or more double bonds The C = C ί H or C = C ί C angle is 120 ° C n H 2n Rotation about double bond is restricted propene ethene (ethylene) C C C H H H H C 4 C H H H CH 3 C
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Mary J. Bojan Chem 110 Butene C 4 H 8 There are several possible structures for a chain of 4 carbons with one double bond. 1-butene 2-methylpropene 2-butene cis - 2-butene trans - 2-butene 5
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Mary J. Bojan Chem 110 Structural isomers: same molecular formula: different structure
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6_8A_Org2 - Organic Part 2 Hydrocarbons 1 Alkanes all...

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