Euro_Exp_Final_Paper_Sir_Francis_Drake_2020 - 1 Johnson...

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1 Johnson Emma Johnson Professor Laufenburg Hist 308 4/18/2020 Drake: Dumb Duck? Sic Parvis Magna , Greatness from small beginnings, is the motto by which Sir Francis Drake lived. From small-time trader to pirate and then to one of England’s most renowned explorers, Sir Francis Drake encompassed a lifetime of adventure. From villainous to heroic, we will determine what made Sir Francis different from his predecessors in encountering the New World. A classic pirate’s tale where he explores the edge of the world and conquers the hearts of his homeland. Was he Spains’ greatest nightmare with the nickname the Dragon, or was he a knight in shining armor for Queen Elizabeth? Drake had previously lived a life of smuggling and piracy against the Spanish. He soon built up a reputation against the Spanish, earning the infamous name Le Draque meaning the Dragon. Drake also received a bounty of 20 thousand ducats from King Phillip II. Other buccaneers like Edward Thatch also known as Blackbeard, just like Drake he was an English sailor who raided and plundered the Caribbean seas and had a distaste for the Spanish. However, where the two differ is in their loyalties, Blackbeard was a menacing pirate who swore allegiance only to himself, whereas Francis plundered for Britannia. Neither one was a morally holy man as they both raided, murdered and traded slaves. The only difference-making Drake a hero for his legacy was the fact that he was knighted. Columbus was the first known explorer to discover the New World; This ignited the age of exploration and gave way to Spanish colonization and an expansion of other European countries. Colonialism in Spain prevented them from evolving past serfdom. Since the country was failing, the only way to make progress was either to change or gain new resources elsewhere. They choose the latter. “Columbus did neatly checke his emulators, by rearing an
2 Johnson egge without assistance. Let the slighter of this voyage applie.” 1 Similar to Columbus, Drake utilized celestial navigation, finding the stars to be better than any chartered map. Ferdinand Magellan was a renowned explorer who started the expedition that circumnavigated the world which was later completed by Juan Elcano. Similar to Columbus Magellan was a foreign (Portuguese) explorer who was hired by Spain . During his voyage, he traveled through the southern tip of South America which was later called the Strait of Magellan. The Strait was utilized by Sir Francis Drake on his voyage to the Pacific, helping him avoid hurricanes and mountainous seas on the far ends of South America. However, coming out of the strait, he continued south, sending him almost into a full circle and running into treacherous waters. During this time he lost his ship, The Marigold and the other, called The Elizabeth, retreated back to England.

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