Intro to Psychology

Intro to Psychology - Intro to Psychology Major Theories...

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Intro to Psychology Major Theories Structuralism Framework of psychological experience They ask “what?” what makes that happen? Functionalism Purpose of psychological characteristics They ask “why?” why do we have certain parts? Behaviorism Want to discover principles underlying behaviors Ask what’s happening in the environment to lead to this behavior Cognitivism Want to understand thought process What are you thinking about what’s happening? Psychoanalysis The processes in which we are unaware of What do the symbols in our lives really represent Great Debates Nature vs. Nurture Early philosophy “tobulsa Rasa” who we are doesn’t form till we get here Behavior geneticists Behavior is in your genes and you are going to act with genes Two questions Most influence on behavior Most influence on differences
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Freewill vs. Determination Behavior is chosen Behavior is dictated You don’t get to choose Compatibilism Is both part of your behavior is choose parts dictated Mind vs. Body Mind-body monists Mostly scientist, mind is the brain, brain is the mind. Mind-body dualist Philosophy brain is separate from the mind, nerves can’t explain all actions It always depends Psychologists want to know What it depends on When is each explanation better Science and Pseudoscience in Psychology Popular psychology Network of everyday life Uncommon sense is sometimes right Naïve realism We operate on our perception, that what’s true Want to know how do you find the truth Science of Psychology The act of science The altitudes of science
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Communalism Sharing info with people and other scientist Disinterestedness Even little things can change out come so try not to control the out come Try not to all your interest to control the out come Protection in science Confirmation bias See what supports what we think is true Look for things that supports our hypothesis Belief perseverance
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Intro to Psychology - Intro to Psychology Major Theories...

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