Judy polisci test

Judy polisci test - Public Policy Typologies: Patronage...

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Public Policy Typologies: Patronage Policies 1. Subsidies 2. Contracts 3. Licenses Provides incentives for people and businesses These policies offers incentives to people rather than punishments so they will do what the government wants 1. Subsidies: a grant or contribution of money We, as tax payers, provide subsidies cost spread out over all Subsidies are controversial 2. Contracts: used to encourage corporations to adopt certain behaviors Federal contracts often have strings attached 3. Licenses: allow government to regulate various sectors of the economy Regulatory Policies Allows the government to exert control over the conduct of certain activities Unlike patronage policies, which provide rewards, regulatory policies use negative forms of control Redistributive Policies Policies that seek to control people by managing the economy as a whole Techniques of control involve fiscal and monetary policy o Fiscal policies use TAX rates/government spending to affect demand o Monetary policies control money supply , availability of money , cost of money (interest value) to affect demand Policy Making Process 1. Problem Identification a. What is a public policy problem? i. Affects a substantial amount of people ii. Difficult to solve by individual action iii. Must be brought to the attention of the government
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iv. A possible solution must exist b. Typically, policy problem results from a situation in which people that need help from the government begin to demand 2. Agenda Setting a. Policy issues don’t just happen as is often thought b. An issue becomes a policy problem as a result of the use of political tactics by influential individuals, groups, media, politicians, etc. c. Those tactics are known as agenda setting d. Agenda setting from the BOTTOM UP : i. The prevailing model of policy making in the US is a bottom up approach of decision making ii. The MASS is concerned about an issue and compel policy makers to respond e. Agenda setting from the TOP DOWN : i. ELITES define the problem, set the agenda ii. Agenda set by LEADERS in business, finance, education, the media, and government 3. Policy Formulation a. The development of policy alternatives for dealing with problems on the public agenda b. Policy is formulated by several different actors including: i. Government bureaucracies 1. Discretion on how to enforce the law ii. Legislative committees iii. THINK TANKS (NO MONEY!!!! NO NO NO!) 1. Policy planning groups that are influenced in a range of key policy areas 2. Bring together influential actors in society with a goal to develop policies designed to resolve national problems 3. NOOOOOO MONEY iv. Interest groups (YES MONEY!!!!) 1. Groups that seek to influence policy according to group
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Judy polisci test - Public Policy Typologies: Patronage...

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