1_Nomenclature_post

1_Nomenclature_post - Organic Chemistry It is the chemistry...

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Sec. 1 - Nomeclature 1 Organic Chemistry It is the chemistry of compounds containing carbon How they are bonded to themselves or different atoms such as oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur and halogens to form molecules. How do these molecules interact with the environment that they are in . C O OC O CH 3 C O N CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 CH H 3 C H 3 C CH 2 CH CH 3 C O OH C H 3 C H 3 C CH CH 2 O OH OH Acetylsalicylic Acid (ASA) Ibuprofen, Advil, Nuprin DEET N,N-Diethyl- m -toluamide Juicy Fruit
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Sec. 1 - Nomeclature 2 S OO N N O N HN O N H N Sildenafil Vigra HN N O H 2 N N N O OH O P O O OH It is a potent selective inhibitor of the enzyme phosphodiesterase (PDE-5), which destroys cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), itself a dilator of blood vessels in the body. Viagra thus allows cyclic GMP to persist and this property has led to its use for the oral treatment of male erectile dysfunction: http://www.ch.ic.ac.uk/motm/viagra.html cGMP HO O HO OH OH O H 3 CO C O H vanillin β - D -glucoside Vanilla is the only edible fruit of the orchid family. Synthetic vanilla contains only one organic component - vanillin - the flavor and fragrance that we most associate with vanilla. Because pure vanilla contains so many other flavor and fragrance components, it has a much richer smell and taste than vanillin does by itself HO H 3 CO C O H Vanillin Extraction Synthetic http://www.kitchenproject.com/vanilla /Vanilla_Bean_Page.html Viagra is a synthetic molecule designed specifically to fit into an enzyme and compete with the naturally produced molecule, cGMP
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Sec. 1 - Nomeclature 3 Why do you need to study Organic chemistry? Example: Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLED) http://www.netl.doe.gov/ssl/workshop/Report%20OLED%2 0August%202002_1.pdf Electrical properties of 1,4-bis(4-(phenylethynyl)phenylethynyl)benzene and its application for organic light emitting diodes{Larysa Fenenko,ab Guang Shao,c Akihiro Orita,c Masayuki Yahiro,a Junzo Otera,c Sergei Svechnikovb andChihaya Adachi*a Received (in Cambridge, UK) 15th January 2007, Accepted 12th February 2007 First published as an Advance Article on the web 5th March 2007 Organic materials composed of aromatic groups conjugated through acetylene linkages such as (phenylethynyl)benzenes are expected to attract a lot of attention as optoelectronic materials because of their abundant p-conjugation.1–4 In fact, efficient charge transport, fast energy transfer, and excellent luminescence properties have been reported in some phenylethynyl compounds. 5–9 Their highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO)– lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy gaps and emissive properties can be well controlled by tuning their effective conjugation lengths. It is also of fundamental interest to compare the photoluminescent (PL) and electroluminescent (EL) properties of the phenylene ethynylene groups with these of well characterized phenylene vinylene groups.4,10 One of the interesting features of phenylene ethynylene compounds is their linear molecular structure, which potentially provides efficient p-stacking between adjacent molecules. Moreover, the triple bonds lead to
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1_Nomenclature_post - Organic Chemistry It is the chemistry...

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