CognitionLanguage - Cognition and Language Cognition...

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Cognition and Language
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Cognition: thinking, gaining knowledge, and dealing with knowledge . Categorization and Attention Categorization: In general we categorize people, objects or events together when they have important qualities in common . Prototype: a familiar or typical example of a category .
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Things Non-Living Things Living Things Plants Animals Insects Reptiles Birds Mammals Canaries Hawks Robins Sparrows Hierarchical Organization: In reference to cognitive processes, information is organized based on a hierarchy of categories, subcategories, and shared features.
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Spreading Activation: when you hear about one concept, the other concepts that you associate with it are also primed or activated .
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Pre-attentive Process: allows one to find an unusual feature or figure in that it stands out immediately without any shifting of attention. Attentive Process: allows one to find a typical feature or figure. It is a procedure that considers only one part of the visual field at a time. Change Blindness: a failure to detect changes in parts of a scene upon viewing it again. Stroop effect Selective Attention: when we intentionally shift our attention to a particular stimulus.
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