LearnCondition - Learning and Conditioning Learning: any...

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Learning and Conditioning
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The Assumptions of Behaviorism Behaviorists are deterministic. Behaviorists believe that mental explanations are ineffective. Behaviorists believe that the environment plays a powerful role in molding behavior. Learning: any relatively permanent change in behavior that is based upon experience . Behaviorists: psychologists who insist that psychologists should study only observable, measurable behaviors, not mental processes .
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Methodological Behaviorists: study only events that they can measure and observe, BUT they sometimes use those observations to make inferences about internal events . Intervening Variable: something that cannot be directly observed yet links a variety of procedures to a variety of possible responses . Radical Behaviorists: believe that internal states are caused by events in the environment, or by genetics . Two Key Types of Behaviorists
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Pavlov and Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning Terminology Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) An event that consistently and automatically elicits an unconditioned response . (Food) Unconditioned Response (UCR) An action that the unconditioned stimulus automatically elicits. (Salivation) Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Formerly the neutral stimulus, having been paired with the unconditioned stimulus, elicits the same response . (Bell) That response depends upon its consistent pairing with the UCS. Conditioned Response (CR) The response elicited by the conditioned stimulus due to the training. (Salivation) Usually it closely resembles the UCR. Classical Conditioning: Learning based on association of a stimulus that does not ordinarily elicit a particular response with another stimulus that does elicit the response. Applies to involuntary responses.
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An unfamiliar neutral stimulus enhances conditioning. Acquisition:
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LearnCondition - Learning and Conditioning Learning: any...

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