Memory paper full - Repressed Memory Repressed Memory If...

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Repressed Memory Repressed Memory If someone asks me, "Where were you on September 11, 2001?" I would be able to give that person an accurate answer. It seems impossible to ever forget the events of that day. How could one forget such a traumatic day? It seems like life changing events would stay with a person forever. However, there are many victims of, let's say, child abuse that cannot remember the actual abuse. The memories of such horrors have been erased so there is no recollection of the events. Being a skeptic, I am not sure if I would be able to forget such horrific events. Repressed memories can also be recovered, through therapeutic treatment. It seems odd how people can forget certain traumas, but still able to remember others. How does memory actually work, and how can one selectively repress certain memories? Memory and the I-function seem to be closely related. Memory allows individuals to store and retrieve information gained from previous experience. It can then be used to predict human response to certain stimuli. Optic neurons often "make things up as it goes along". The I-function relies on memory in order to do this. Memory is used to perform tasks such as comprehension and production of language, reasoning, and recognition of declarative. Memory is also necessary for skill acquisition. Different models of memory have been proposed. One is that there is a limited capacity for the amount of information that can be stored. Memory can decay, and the longer a memory has been stored and not used, the less available it will be. As new information enters the memory, it may be harder to access other information and cognitive system seems to be less efficient (2). Memory consists of three basic functions: encoding, storage, and retrieval. Encoding is the actual formation of memory. It is an active process which screens out certain materials, and allowing only selective material to be encoded. It is thought that all materials are registered, but only certain ones are retained in memory (3). The more distracting and useless messages are screened out. The encoding of the memory can be affected by how much attention is devoted to the message. Encoding can be done at three different levels. The first is the structural level of encoding, which focuses most on the physical characteristics and structures. This is the shallowest level of encoding. The second is phonetic encoding, which focuses more on words and the sounds of words. The third, and deepest level, is semantic encoding, which emphasizes the meaning of the message. Encoding works in association with other processes. It is part of elaboration, or associating the message with other information. It also works with vision and visual stimuli. Visual images can add more depth on what is being remembered. Memory is also self-referent, which allows the individual to decide how the material is relevant to his or her life. This message that has been encoded is called an engram, which will lie dormant
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This note was uploaded on 06/24/2011 for the course COMP 100 taught by Professor Dfgdegg during the Spring '08 term at DeVry Chicago O'Hare.

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Memory paper full - Repressed Memory Repressed Memory If...

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