OverviewHistory - Overview and Historical Roots What is...

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Overview and Historical Roots
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What is Psychology? In the past psychology was defined as the science of the mind . Today it is defined as the study of behavior and mental processes.
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Three Key Themes in Psychology I. Free Will vs. Determinism Determinism: The assumption that everything that happens has a cause or determinant in the observable world. Free Will: The belief that behavior is caused by a person’s independent decisions.
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II. Mind-Brain Problem Dualism: This approach argues that the mind is somehow separate from the brain and yet controls the brain and body. Monism: The idea that the conscious mind is inseparable from the brain and body; that the mind is a series of processes that can occur because of the complexity of the human brain. III. Nature vs. Nurture How do differences in behavior relate to differences in heredity (nature) and the environment (nurture)? Three Key Themes in Psychology
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Biopsychology: explains behavior based on electrical and chemical activities in the nervous system. Examines the effects of genetics, drugs, and brain damage on behavior . Evolutionary Psychology: explains behavior based on genes that may have been reinforced over the course of human evolution. Sensation and Perception:
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OverviewHistory - Overview and Historical Roots What is...

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