ScientificMethods - Scientific Methods in Psychology...

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Scientific Methods in Psychology
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Deduction versus Induction Deduction: The process of reasoning in which a conclusion follows necessarily from the stated premises . Induction: The process of inferring a general principle from observations . Scientific Theory Theory: an explanation or model created from a great many observations and capable of making valid predictions or hypotheses . Falsifiable: stated in such clear, precise terms that we can see what evidence would count against it. Burden of Proof: the obligation to present evidence to support one’s claim.
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Scientific Method: The way in which scientists go about investigating and making claims about phenomena. Hypothesis: A tentative explanation for an observation that can be tested through research . Method: The process by which you test your hypothesis . Results: The recorded outcome of the method. Interpretation: Your evaluation of the results. Replicability: The ability for other people to replicate previous results through further experimentation using the same procedures.
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Scientific Method Meta-Analysis: An analysis that combines the results from many studies and then analyzes them as if they were all from one large study. Occam’s razor: The explanation that’s most simple is usually the most accurate. Aliens ESP
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Conducting Psychological Research Operational Definitions: a definition that specifies the procedures used to produce or measure something. Population:
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This note was uploaded on 06/24/2011 for the course COMP 100 taught by Professor Dfgdegg during the Spring '08 term at DeVry Chicago O'Hare.

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ScientificMethods - Scientific Methods in Psychology...

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