As one deals with the origin of humanity, it is vital not to limit the study simply to the beginning of man
upon the earth, rather consideration should also be given to the purpose of man’s origin.
framework of purpose, the origin of man gives us a clearer and more complete description of his nature and
mode of entrance upon the earth. (The ethical implications of Adam and Eve’s placement in the Garden and
the ensuing Fall, with all its moral overtones, will not be dealt with in this section.
Rather, it is dealt with
under the doctrine of Hamartiology.)
A. NATURALISM VERSUS SUPERNATURALISM.
Two prominent and distinct views emerge in relation to the
purpose of man’s origin.
Either there was a supernatural force(s), or there was simply a natural cause(s) to
Purpose denotes a force and an animating system. Within the theistic teaching, the force is
God, and the animating system varies (various modes will be dealt with later).
Atheists, who assign the origin
of man to natural causes, argue that the force centers in the evolution of life from an initial cell to higher forms
of life through survival of the fittest, and the life animating system of natural selection.
, according to atheists, provides the necessary principles to explain the origin of man upon
The theory of evolution holds, not necessarily that man somehow descended from any kind of ape
or monkey, but rather that probably he and they have arrived from a common ancestry.
generally from the lower primates through natural processes, controlled entirely by inherent forces (a closed
However, several objections can be raised against the theory of evolution. (1) This theory of evolution,
though often presented as an established fact, is up to the present time only an unverified hypothesis.
the discipline of science, a theory must possess at least three essential properties to establish it as fact: data,
observation and repeatability.
Since evolution cannot demonstrate data linking evolution of one kind to
another, or prove through data examination (such as fossils) a transition, then the evolutionary scheme
remains a hypothesis.
It should be noted that those who hold to the involvement of a supernatural force(s) in
man’s origin, also have only established a hypothesis, when examined in light of the prerequisites of science.
(2) Science has utterly failed to discover any missing links between man and the supposed animals from
which he originated.
Despite the extensive excavation occurring around the world, there has at present been
no conclusive data to link man’s origin to the lower primates. (3) Furthermore, evolutionists argue that
evolutionary trends occur through the processes of mutation.
But this view fails to account for the increased
complexity of man.
Mutations are generally an inferior derivation, whereas man represents the apex of all
Man’s ability to understand, comprehend and remember issues of morality, art, music, self-