Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 I Affirmative Action and Class Privilege Ex White students Grutter Hamacher and Gratz made a suit against a college for

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Chapter 17 11/24/07 I. Affirmative Action and Class Privilege Ex : White students, Grutter, Hamacher, and Gratz, made a suit against a college for discriminating in the admissions process. Also, advantages are also given b/c of the development factor ( being the child of a donor) as well as legacy students ( students whose parent went to the same college the student is applying to). A. Advocates of affirmative action say that it 1. compensates for historical injustices. 2. enriches college campuses by encouraging ethnic diversity 3. creates a middle-class leadership group in minority communities B. Opponents of affirmative action say that it 1. demeans the individual achievements of African Americans. C. Advocates of special treatment for the well-to-do say that— without the Donations of the alumni, college tuition would increase. D. Advocated of a meritocracy ( a system w/ equality of opportunity that judges People by their talent and effort) oppose special treatment for any group. II. Macrosociological Processes A. The Functions of Education Educational attainment refers to the # of school years completed WHILE Educational achievement refers to how much the students actually learn. The Functional Theory of Education 1) The American educational system is responsible for sorting students based on talent and effort 2) Schools play a training role 3) Schools involve socialization of the young 4) Schools transmit culture form generation to generation - HOWEVER, schools perform some latent (unintended) functions too. 1) Schools encourage the development of a separate youth culture that often conflicts with parents’ values.
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B. The Effect of Economic Inequality from the Conflict Perspective 1) Conflict theorists argue that schools distribute the benefits of education unequally. 2) Since the 1970s, big gaps have started forming in the quality of American schools. WHY?? - B/c school funding is usually based mainly on local property taxes. Therefore, in wealthy communities, where property is worth a lot, people can be taxed at a lower rate than in poor communities but still generate more school funding per pupil. Apart from the distribution of educational resources, the kinds of students who attend schools and the quality of its teachers also influence the quality of education. C. Standardized Tests -Helps to reproduce the existing system of social stratification. - Schools resort to tracking
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This lab report was uploaded on 04/04/2008 for the course SOCI 1101 taught by Professor Beck during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 I Affirmative Action and Class Privilege Ex White students Grutter Hamacher and Gratz made a suit against a college for

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