2. Emile Durkheim - EmileDurkheim...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style  7/15/11 1858-1917 "Social  life  comes  from  a  double  source,  the  likeness  of  consciences  and  the  division  of  social labor." Emile Durkheim
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 7/15/11 Biography Attended the Ecole Normale in Paris, where he wrote  of “that feeling of emptiness and isolation” and  experienced the suicide of a close friend Anomie : a feeling of normlessness or lack of “connection” or  identification with society around oneself After graduating in 1882, decided to address the  moral and political issues in France at the time The Franco-Prussian War ends in 1870, and through the 1890s  France was in turmoil.
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 7/15/11 Biography, pt. 2 This turmoil is a result of debates between the  clerical Right and secular Left over issues such as  education, corruption, and bribery. By the early  1890s, the political situation relaxes and French  scholarship returns to productive work. This chaos and flux perhaps contributes to  Durkheim’s fascination with social order.
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 7/15/11 Durkheim’s Sociology 60 years after Comte proposed something called  sociology, Durkheim essentially pulled several  intellectual threads from France’s lineage of social  thought into a coherent theoretical approach. His work revolves around one central question: what  is the basis for integration and solidarity in human  societies?
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 7/15/11 The Division of Labor in Society Binary societal typology: two types of societies  consisting of either  mechanical solidarity  or    organic solidarity . The former is defined as a “primitive, pre-industrial, small, and  homogeneous society,” with a repressive legal system. The latter are “industrial, large, and heterogeneous societies”  with restitutive (civil) laws
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 7/15/11 Mechanical Solidarity Primarily characterized by an unquestioned belief in  things: social norms, values, definitions of a situation,  clearly defined roles and social statuses. The division of labor here is “natural,” e.g. dictated 
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2. Emile Durkheim - EmileDurkheim...

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