AMCS 100 final - Marissa Roge December 13, 2007 American...

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Marissa Roge December 13, 2007 American Cultures 100 Professor Ching The Holocaust and Auschwitz: A History The world holocaust derives its meaning from the Greek and Latin meaning “something wholly burnt up”, with a broader meaning of “a total destruction.” Elie Wiesel is credited with relating the term to refer to the destruction of European Jewry. The holocaust is known in the Jewish culture as Shoah, which means catastrophe and is considered one of the most ghastly events in history. During this time, the Nazi’s attempted to carry out their ‘final solution’ and wipe the Jewish race from the world. This was one of the most atrocious acts committed by mankind. Historian, Laurence Rees, wrote “the Nazi’s ‘final solution’ represented the lowest act in all history. Through their crime, the Nazi’s brought into the world an awareness of what educated, technologically advanced human beings can do --- as long as they possess a cold heart. Once allowed into the world, knowledge of what they did must not be unlearned. It lies there --- ugly, inert, waiting to be rediscovered by each new generation. A warning for us, and for those who will come after.” It is important not to forget what happened to the Jews, for if we do it will only happen again. If we fail to understand the horrors that man created we will fall short and make those same mistakes again. When the Adolf Hitler and the Nazi’s came to power in 1933, they believe the Jews to be racially inferior. From the time Hitler became chancellor of Germany to the
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Roge 2 end of World War II, the Jews and other “undesirables” were persecuted, discriminated against, and killed for something they had no control over. In the months after the Nazi party took control of the government, several steps were taken to persecute and alienate the Jewish people. On April 1, 1933, the German government established a one-day nation wide boycott against Jewish businesses. Later that year, approximately 20,000 books written by Jewish scholars and other “undesirable” people were burned though out the country. The Germans did everything they could to strip the Jewish race of their rights. To further single out the Jews, all men were required to add “Israel” to their name and women were required to add “Sarah” to theirs. Over the next few years, Jews were removed from all parts of German culture, they were restricted from higher education, excluded from the government, restricted form practicing law, and murdered all over Germany. With the death of President Paul von Hindenburg in 1934, Hitler was given the opportunity to establish a dictatorship, and further push the Jews out of German life. As both president and chancellor of German, Hitler gave the Jewish people two options, leave Germany or “accept the loss of citizenship and a segregated place in the Third Reich.”( Encyclopedia of the Holocaust , pg. 106) On September 15, 1935 the Nuremburg laws were passed. The first of the two laws stated that German Jews were stateless, and
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AMCS 100 final - Marissa Roge December 13, 2007 American...

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