Historically and Scientific Perspective on Homosexuality

Historically and Scientific Perspective on Homosexuality -...

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1 Historically and Scientific Perspective on Homosexuality Historically and Scientific Perspective on Homosexuality Tonia Pieper Axia College at University of Phoenix
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2 Historically and Scientific Perspective on Homosexuality Attitudes toward homosexual behavior have varied with time and place. In  ancient Greece, homosexual relations were accepted and, in some cases, expected  activity in certain segments of society. Later attitudes toward homosexuality in the  Western world were determined largely by prevailing Judeo-Christian moral codes,  which treat homosexuality as immoral or sinful. But like many other sins, homosexual  relations were seen as expressions of the weakness inherent in all human beings, and  not as a mental disorder or as the behavior of a specific type of person. This latter view,  which regarded homosexuality as a pathology, developed in the late 19th century. By  the beginning of the 20th century, psychoanalysts viewed homosexuals as the victims of  faulty development. Austrian physician Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis,  considered homosexuality a deviant condition. More recently, scientists have searched  for a biological explanation of sexual orientation. A study published in 1993 sought to  identify a genetic marker for sexual orientation. The research, which did not include a  cross section of the population, was inconclusive.  (1)  During the first half of the 20th century, attitudes toward homosexuality were  overwhelmingly negative. Homosexual activities were hidden and spoken of only in 
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