ETH 125 Week 7 Assignment

ETH 125 Week 7 Assignment - Hispanic American Diversity...

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Hispanic American Diversity Amber Thacker ETH125 Cultural Diversity June, 19 2011 Rebecca Mayernik
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Hispanic American Diversity The population of the United States is a diverse community. One of the largest ethnic groups in America is the Hispanic America community with a population of 45,476,938 people out of total United States population of 301,461,533 (American Fact Finder, 2010). Four groups that are a part of the Hispanic or Latino community are Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Columbian Americans, and Cuban Americans. These community shares a common language heritage but have differences in other areas such as political, social, economic, and familial conventions. Mexican Americans are the largest Hispanic group in America with an estimated population of 29,333,047 (American Fact Finder, 2010). In 1990 the settlement pattern of Mexican Americans was 94% living in cities or towns with the highest concentration in the Los Angeles, California, area (Engelkirk & Marin, 2011). The pattern of living in close-knit ethnic communities encourages the use the Spanish language. Some Mexican Americans living in Colorado and northern New Mexico can trace their heritage back 10 generations and are considered “charter members” of the United States, pre-dating the first Anglo-American settlers (Engelkirk & Marin, 2011). Their language and culture are very strong in the area. Persistent immigration has not let Spanish disappear even with the consistent encroachment from the media and efforts of the public school system. The politics of Mexican Americans has been traditionally Democratic. According to a 1992 Latino National Political Survey, 60% of Latinos describe themselves as Democrats, 16% Republican, and 24% as independent (Engelkirk & Marin, 2011). The representation of Hispanics in political offices does not reflect the population in America because of the large number of Mexican Americans ineligible to vote because of their citizenship status. The social pattern of Mexican Americans is that high concentrations gravitate to communities where the inhabitants of the same ethnicity. The Mexican culture stays strong when they can work, attend church, attend social activities, and worship together. For reasons of socioeconomic and discrimination with few exceptions, the Mexican American community usually stays within the areas where they can afford housing and speak the language of their culture. Religion is another social aspect that governs the social life of Mexican Americans. The religion is a form of Catholicism, which is widely known as Mexican Catholic. The basic premise of the religion is shared but with more cultural rituals involved. The traditional family is a patriarchal hierarchy or male dominated. The need for more men of the families to be away from the family for migrant work has changed the dynamic of the traditional home with the wife taking on more of the responsibilities. There is also a tradition of an extended family dynamic with outside family members providing support for newly immigrated family. According to the American Community Survey of 2005-2009, the Puerto Rican population in
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ETH 125 Week 7 Assignment - Hispanic American Diversity...

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