Power and Freedom (pt. 2)

Power and Freedom (pt. 2) - Scots Wha Hae Scots North Sea...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Scots, Wha Hae Scots, North Sea Gas Scots, who have with Wallace bled Scots, whom Bruce has often led Welcome to your gory bed Or to victory! Now's the day an' now's the hour See the front of battle lour See approach proud Edward's pow'r Chains and slavery! Who would be a traitor knave? Who would fill a coward's grave? Who so base as be a slave? Let him turn and flee! Who for Scotland's king an' law Freedom's sword would strongly draw Freeman stand and freeman fall Let him on with me! By oppression's woes and pains By your sons in servile chains We will drain our dearest veins But they shall be free. Lay the proud usurpers low! Tyrants fall in ev'ry foe Liberty's in every blow Let us do or die! Power and Freedom Day 2 The Classical Model The The Federalist Papers The Characteristics of Characteristics Athenian democracy Widespread franchise (vote) Citizenship extended on basis of freedom, not descent or merit All legislative, executive, and judicial offices assigned by lot or election of all freemen (the Assembly) A classic example: Ancient Athens According to the Athenian ruler, Solon, an orderly state is created when the people obey the rulers, and the rulers obey the laws. The Evils of Democracy The Factionalism Corruption Structural flaws > low participation “The Assembly, a noble body in its better days, had degenerated into a mob hating all superiority, rejecting all restraint.” Will Durrant, Life of Greece The Good Society The Prosperity Widespread political participation Great creativity Literature: Sophocles History: Thucydides, Herodotus Philosophy: Socrates, Plato Science: Aristotle Architecture: Phidias, the Parthenon The Good Society The “That freedom, costly though it was, had generated the achievements of the Greek mind. Individualism in the end destroys the group, but in the interim it stimulates personality, mental exploration, and artistic creation.” Will Durrant, Life of Greece Establishing Political Establishing Legitimacy Sources of political legitimacy: Approval of the gods (divine right of kings) Romulus and Remus: Romulus Founders of Rome Divine Right Divine Other sources of Other political legitimacy Religious authority (theocracy) Lineage (aristocracy) Intelligence or wisdom (meritocracy) History Consent (democracy) Legitimacy through Legitimacy religious authority Iran: Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini Legitimacy through Legitimacy Lineage (Aristocracy) Tongan King Taufa’ahau Toupou IV Descended from first ruler of Tonga Legitimacy through Legitimacy connections to history The American Republic: Heir to the traditions of Athens and Rome Aztecs claimed Aztecs legitimacy as heirs to Toltecs (History) Legitimacy through Legitimacy Wisdom (Meritocracy) Legitimacy through Legitimacy Consent Post-Hussein voting in Basrah, Iraq Four approaches to Four government Autocracy Classical Republicanism Libertarianism Liberalism Autocracy Autocracy On human nature: People are like children, requiring direction and control Role of government: Prevent disorder, protect government interests Examples: dictatorships, “British tyranny” over colonists, paternalism (slavery) “Your people is a beast.” Alexander Hamilton Classical Republicanism Classical On human nature: People not corrupt, but corruptible, require education and direction Role of government: guard individual rights, encourage civic virtue, provide structure (checks and balances) to guard against corruption Example: United States “I teach people correct principles and let them govern themselves.” Joseph Smith Classical Republicanism Classical “The classical concept of citizenship [is] a ‘balance or fusion between rights and obligations.’” morris Janowitz, quoted in Dallin H. Oaks, “Rights and Responsibilities,” 430 Classical Republicanism Classical Self-government “presupposes the existence of virtue among its citizens in a higher degree than any other form of government.” Dallin Oaks, “Rights and Responsibilities,” 434 Libertarianism Libertarianism On human nature: People can be trusted to pursue their own self interest without govt interference; individual freedom is the prime value. Role of government: limited to protecting individual rights Examples: Libertarian Party, free market system (Adam Smith) “That government is best which governs least.” Thomas Jefferson Liberalism Liberalism On human nature: People are essentially good. Circumstances (poverty, crime, racism) corrupt people. Role of government: Mitigate or remove corrupting conditions, particularly economic, to ensure social justice Examples: US Democratic Party, progressivism, socialism Liberal: from Latin liberalis, suitable for a freeman, generous; from liber, free Merriam-Webster Dictionary Tools for Founders Tools Structure Participation Law Custom and tradition Moral sense Founding myths Leadership ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 07/14/2011 for the course AM ST 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '04 term at BYU.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online