06 Art of the Americas 09

06 Art of the Americas 09 - ART 1012 Art History Survey II...

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ART 1012 Art History Survey II Fall 2009 Study Aid 5: Art of the Americas We call the beginning of European exploration in North America the time of “First Contact.” At time of “first contact” in 15th century, Europeans encountered in the “New World” approximately 300 different tribes of Native Americans, each adapted to regional and environmental character of their place. *Anthropologists classify 300 societies into 3 types: 1. Sedentary (do not move/migrate; live in one place) 2. Semi-sedentary (move/migrate sometimes) 3. Nomadic (move/migrate all the time) *The 300 tribes occupied several distinct regions: SW; Plains Plateau (Idaho/Oregon); SE; CA; NE; NW coastline; Arctic region; Hawaii Example of Lenape tribe in Manhattan : Lenape village at Spuyten Devil in northern Manhattan circa 1600 CE – Nomadic tribes with no view of property “ownership,” but rather treaties in common. Simple “hut” of branches and bark provides impermanent shelter, ease of movement and resettlement elsewhere based on the seasons, hunting, and migration patterns. Lenape lands-in-common compared to
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This note was uploaded on 07/14/2011 for the course ART 1012 taught by Professor Professor during the Fall '09 term at CUNY Baruch.

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06 Art of the Americas 09 - ART 1012 Art History Survey II...

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