09 Arts of Islamic World 09

09 Arts of Islamic World 09 - ART 1012 Art History Survey...

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ART 1012 Art History Survey II Fall 2009 Study Aid 9: Islamic Art and Architecture “Islam”: Arabic word meaning “submission to God” A Very Brief Timeline of Islam: Birth of Muhammed in Mecca, 570CE Muhammed’s 1st revelation, 610 Muhammed’s 1st flight to Medina (Hijra), 622 Muhammed regains control of Mecca, 630 Death of Muhammed , 632 Muslim armies enter Spain, 711 Umayyad caliphate in Spain 756-1031 Expulsion of Islam from Spain 1492 Islamic Art and Architecture: Writing, or calligraphy, dominates over representations of figures or objects Page from early Koran in Kufic script, 9th century CE, ink and gold on vellum paper. “Purity of writing is purity of soul.” – ancient Arab proverb Page from early Koran in Kufic script, 9th century CE, ink and gold on vellum paper Unknown artist, Prophet Muhammed and His Companions Traveling to the Fair , Istanbul, Turkey, 1594 From The Life of the Prophet series. Companions Abu (left, father in law of Mohammed) and the warrior Ali (right). Abu succeeds Mohammed as caliph, or successor to the prophet, in 632 CE. His followers, the Sunni Muslims, compete with followers of Ali (who becomes fourth Caliph), but Ali is killed in a political power struggle. Mecca (Makkah in Arabic), Saudi Arabia, is the center of the Islamic world and the birthplace of both the Prophet Muhammad and the religion he founded. Located in the Sirat Mountains of central Saudi Arabia
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09 Arts of Islamic World 09 - ART 1012 Art History Survey...

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